Currently, a pilot’s certificate is needed to be exempt from the federal ban. The new regulations as drawn would require simply a written test and a vetting. Meanwhile, over 1,100 exemptions to the ban have been issued so far by the FAA.
The FAA has reported a steep increase in the number of drones flying at dangerous altitudes that could put them on a collision course with manned planes. There were 650 sightings of drones by pilots in 2015 to August 9th, compared to 238 reported sightings for the entirety of 2014. Source: Chron
Drones are one of the main subjects of the Robotics Law Journal, which has just been launched. If you would like free access to a copy of the first issue, please email the editor at: firstname.lastname@example.org